"Bagels Over Berlin" is a new documentary film that honors Jewish veterans of the United States Army Air Corps who fought in World War II, as told by the men who served.
Five years ago, my wife's then 90 year-old uncle Donald Katz (who served as a nose gunner on a B-24 bomber during World War II) came to our home for dinner where he told us stories of his service in the Air Corps and the bombing raid on the Ploesti oil fields in eastern Romania. We were spellbound while he spoke. Even his children had never heard these stories nor had his wife, who had never wanted to ask him to talk about the horrors of war. When Donald returned home in 1945 - he hung up his uniform and enrolled in college at Ohio State. In what became his final years on earth, Donald was willing to share his wartime experiences so he could do it in his own voice.
I recorded video of Donald's stories for the benefit of his grandchildren and he suggested I reach out to his childhood friend Irwin Stovroff who also had a war story to tell. Irwin survived a POW experience in Germany after being shot down on his 35th which would have been his final mission before qualifying to go home. Following subsequent interviews with other Air Corps veterans, the idea of producing a documentary began to percolate since I had now stumbled upon all the necessary elements of a documentary - 'a good story, a cool sounding title and access to several of the participants.' I knew I could find necessary 'B-roll' to illustrate the spoken word with authentic photos and movie footage. I received referrals to Air Corps veterans living in my home base in South Florida as well as Pennsylvania, Arizona, New York City and my hometown in Buffalo. Flying around the country I amassed many hours of interviews. Only one veteran turned down a request to appear in the film, explaining that it was still too raw an emotion for him to speak about his experiences in the war, even after 75 years.
I was careful about whom I chose for the project - picking only nonagenarians who were lucid and eloquent. Looking for men with sharp memories and who still maintained a sense of humor - I hoped to avoid dwelling on sadness and loss but, instead, to focus on danger, survival and any of the war's lighter moments they might recall.
They described what it was like knowing they could be shot out of the sky at any moment and fall 30,000 feet to their death. A memorable example was from a tail gunner who witnessed a fellow tail gunner from a plane above falling earthward and passing within 50 feet from his position. The airman was trapped in the compartment that had been torn from the fuselage of his doomed B-17. Still strapped in his seat with his fate sealed, the eyes of the two men met and they instinctively exchanged salutes. Seared forever into the memory of the survivor, the doomed tail-gunner maintained a serene expression knowing his life was about to end.
My focus had been on the air war, not specifically about its Jewish participants. Then, in a discussion with my brother I realized that during the 1930's, when these boys were growing up - Jews in America were mostly regarded as poor, recent immigrants whose loyalty to America was sometimes doubted. Telling the story of Jewish American war heroes who played a major role in winning the war appealed to me. I learned that Jews comprised a larger percentage of the armed forces in WWII than their share of the population. Despite a history of exclusion and discrimination in the 1920's and 1930's - Jews responded to the Japanese sneak attack on their homeland with an overwhelming determination to fight for the country they loved. They served in impressively large numbers and I found no ‘culture of avoidance’ of military service by Jewish men which was in sharp contrast to the prevailing stereotype. A large percentage of the Jews chose the Air Corps— the branch of service with the highest casualty rate in the war.
Between 2014 - 2017 I filmed more than 30 interviews with Jewish veterans of the war, followed by many months of editing. To control costs, which were mounting, I did much of the the work on the film myself - camera, audio, research, writing, editing and narration. Several others gave their time and talent and organizations such as veterans groups and military museums allowed me to use their historical footage. If I couldn't find a particular image or scene for the film, I paid to acquire it from film archives. The costs were 'out of sight' but necessary expenditures.
I have been thrilled by the wonderful reception the film has received from audiences around the country where it has screened at film festivals, Jewish community centers, commercial theaters, synagogues, and residential communities. The film was also broadcast by PBS in several markets. One of the most memorable experiences has been observing the men in the film surrounded by their families and friends while attending the screenings and receiving the love and overwhelming appreciation of the audience. These vets were proud to have the opportunity to contribute their personal stories and I am happy that the film was completed in time for all the participants to see the final product and to experience the tremendous reception it has received. They shared their war stories for future generations who will remember them both as they are now and as they were as young, patriotic men who fought to save our democracy. Not unexpectedly, but sadly, some of the men have passed away since the 'Premiere' of the film in 2017, including Uncle Donald. I will never forget any of them.
Following is an unsolicited email I received from audience member Linda Lentin who attended a screening in Boone, NC. She was encouraging a friend to see the documentary. I received permission to reproduce the letter:
Yesterday I was treated to a moving and occasionally humorous documentary that was filmed in Florida but [partially] edited at Appalachian State University here in Boone. The film maker Alan Feinberg was in attendance as was one of the cast members, a 90 year old WW II Jewish Airman. The film features 18 Jewish men who flew bombing mission after mission in the European theater of the war. One of them was a POW in Germany and each one has a riveting story to tell. The peril, the pathos, the comradery, the anti-Semitism they faced, the funny incidents they remember merge to make a compelling, heart-stopping and often heart-warming film. All of these men are in their 90’s and Alan wanted to capture these memories NOW. They all are articulate and tell the stories so very well. Hannah dear, I remember those war days when people said the Jews would never fight for their country-well this film refutes that idea beautifully! The film is titled Bagels Over Berlin …and the reason for the title is revealed in the film. The film runs about an hour and ten minutes-and perhaps Alan, the film-maker, would come down from Palm Beach County for Q&A as he did here yesterday. He was very engaging and accessible. Our overflow audience loved every minute of the film and the discussion as well.
Alan Feinberg 3/28/19
Murray Moore -
Introduced at the premiere of a PBS documentary about the 'top secret' Boca Raton Air Base built during WWII.
As the last surviving veteran who trained at the base in 1943 and now age 101, Murray's introduction elicited an emotional response from the audience when they realized who was in their midst.
The Boca Raton Air Base was established as part of a top secret project to train aviators in the new radar technology recently imported from England.
The base was closed immediately after the war and is now the location of Florida Atlantic University.