"Bagels Over Berlin" is a new documentary film that honors Jewish veterans of the United States Army Air Corps who fought in World War II, as told by the men who served.
Five years ago, my wife's then 90 year-old uncle Donald Katz (who served as a nose gunner on a B-24 bomber during World War II) came to our home for dinner and told us stories about his service in the Air Corps and the bombing raid over the Ploesti oil fields in eastern Romania. We ate in total silence as he spoke. His children had never heard him describe the war nor had his wife, no-one asked him to revisit the horrors of war. Donald returned in 1945, hung up his uniform and enrolled in college at Ohio State. In what were his final years on earth, Donald 'opened up' and was now willing to share his wartime experiences so he could do it in his own voice.
I recorded video of Donald for the benefit of his grandchildren and he strongly suggested I reach out to his childhood friend Irwin Stovroff who had a powerful POW story to share. (Irwin was shot down on his 35th mission - the final mission that would have qualified him to go home.) The idea of producing a documentary began to percolate in my mind since I had now stumbled upon all the necessary elements of a good historical documentary - 'a good story, a cool sounding title and access to several of the participants.' I could find necessary 'B-roll' to illustrate the spoken word with authentic photos and movie footage. I received referrals to Air Corps veterans living in my home base in South Florida as well as Pennsylvania, Arizona, New York and my old hometown of Buffalo. Flying around the country I amassed many hours of interviews. Only one veteran turned down a request to appear in the film, explaining that it was still too raw an emotion for him to speak about even after 75 years.
I was careful about whom I chose for the project - picking only nonagenarians who were lucid and eloquent. Looking for men with sharp memories and who still maintained a sense of humor - I hoped to avoid dwelling on sadness and loss but, instead, to focus on danger, comradeship, survival and any of the war's lighter moments they might recall in order to present a well-rounded story of WWII's air war participants.
They described what it was like knowing they could be shot out of the sky at any moment and fall 30,000 feet to their death. An example I was told that I cannot forget was of a tail gunner who witnessed a fellow tail gunner from a plane directly above falling earthward and passing within 50 feet from his position. The airman was trapped in the compartment that had been torn from the fuselage of his doomed B-17. Still strapped in his seat with his fate sealed, the eyes of the two men met for a brief moment, time stood still as they instinctively exchanged salutes. Seared forever into the memory of the survivor, the doomed tail-gunner maintained a serene expression knowing his life was about to end.
My focus was on the air war, not specifically about Jewish participants. After a discussion with my brother I realized that during the 1930's, when these boys were growing up - Jews in America were mostly regarded as poor, recent immigrants whose loyalty to America was often questioned. Telling stories of Jewish American war heroes who played a major role in winning the war appealed to me. I learned that Jews comprised a larger percentage of the armed forces in WWII than their share of the population. Despite a history of exclusion and discrimination in the 1920's and 1930's - Jews responded to the Japanese sneak attack on their homeland with an overwhelming determination to fight for the country they loved. They served in impressively large numbers and I found no ‘culture of avoidance’ of military service by Jewish men which was in sharp contrast to the prevailing stereotype. A large percentage of the Jews who served volunteered for the Air Corps— the branch of service known for experiencing the highest casualty rate of all the services in the war.
Between 2014 - 2017 I filmed more than 30 interviews with Jewish veterans of the war, followed by extensive editing. To control the mounting costs I did much of the the work on the film myself - camera, audio, research, writing, editing and narration. Several others gave their time and talent and organizations such as veterans groups and military museums allowed me to use their historical footage. If I couldn't find a particular image or scene for the film, I paid to acquire it from film archives. The costs were 'out of sight' but necessary expenditures.
I have been thrilled by the wonderful reception the film has received from audiences around the country where it has screened at film festivals, community centers, commercial theaters, synagogues, and residential communities. The film was also broadcast by PBS in the Buffalo and Toronto markets. One of my most memorable experiences has been accompanying the men, surrounded by their families and friends at screenings, receiving the love and overwhelming appreciation of the audience. The vets were proud to contribute their personal stories and I am particularly pleased that the film was completed in time for all the participants to experience the tremendous reception it has received. They shared their war stories for future generations who will remember them as proud veterans and also as they were as young, patriotic men who fought to save our democracy. Not surprisingly but sadly, many of the men have passed away since the 'Premiere' of the film. I will never forget any of them - American heroes all, wonderful men and my friends.
Following is an unsolicited email I received from audience member Linda Lentin who attended a screening in Boone, NC. She was encouraging a friend to see the documentary. I received permission to reproduce the letter:
Yesterday I was treated to a moving and occasionally humorous documentary that was filmed in Florida but [partially] edited at Appalachian State University here in Boone. The film maker Alan Feinberg was in attendance as was one of the cast members, a 90 year old WW II Jewish Airman. The film features 18 Jewish men who flew bombing mission after mission in the European theater of the war. One of them was a POW in Germany and each one has a riveting story to tell. The peril, the pathos, the comradery, the anti-Semitism they faced, the funny incidents they remember merge to make a compelling, heart-stopping and often heart-warming film. All of these men are in their 90’s and Alan wanted to capture these memories NOW. They all are articulate and tell the stories so very well. Hannah dear, I remember those war days when people said the Jews would never fight for their country-well this film refutes that idea beautifully! The film is titled Bagels Over Berlin …and the reason for the title is revealed in the film. The film runs about an hour and ten minutes-and perhaps Alan, the film-maker, would come down from Palm Beach County for Q&A as he did here yesterday. He was very engaging and accessible. Our overflow audience loved every minute of the film and the discussion as well.
Alan Feinberg 7/8/19